Southeastern United States





The Southeastern United States is the eastern portion of the Southern United States, and the southern portion of the Eastern United States.

Demographics


Southeastern United States

There is no official Census Bureau definition of the southeastern United States. However, the Association of American Geographers defines the southeastern United States as Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, and West Virginia.

Most populous states

The most populous state in the region was Florida (19,552,860), followed by Georgia (9,992,167), and North Carolina (9,848,060).

="History">History


Southeastern United States

Culture


Southeastern United States

The predominant culture of the Southeast has its origins with the settlement of the region by British colonists and African slaves in the 17th century, as well as large groups of English, Scots and Ulster-Scots, Germans, French, and Acadians in succeeding centuries.

Economy



The Southeast has changed dramatically in the last two generations. Since 1980, there has been a boom in its service economy, manufacturing base, high technology industries, and the financial sector. Examples of this include the surge in tourism in Florida and along the Gulf Coast; numerous new automobile production plants such as Mercedes-Benz in Tuscaloosa, Alabama; Hyundai in Montgomery, Alabama; Toyota Motors in Blue Springs, Mississippi; Kia in West Point, Georgia; the BMW production plant in Greer, South Carolina; Volkswagen in Chattanooga, Tennessee; the GM manufacturing plant in Spring Hill, Tennessee; and the Nissan North American headquarters in Franklin, Tennessee; the two largest research parks in the country: Research Triangle Park in the Triangle area of North Carolina (the world's largest) and the Cummings Research Park in Huntsville, Alabama (the world's fourth largest); and the corporate headquarters of major banking corporations Bank of America in Charlotte; Regions Financial Corporation, AmSouth Bancorporation, and BBVA Compass in Birmingham; SunTrust Banks and the district headquarters of the Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta; and BB&T in Winston-Salem, North Carolina. As well as Fortune 500 companies, there are several large companies including several paper companies, such as Georgia Pacific in Atlanta and International Paper and Verso Paper in Memphis, as well as FedEx, which is one of the world's largest shipping companies. Fortune 500 companies having headquarters in the region included 20 in Virginia, 16 in Florida, 15 in North Carolina, and 14 in Georgia. This economic expansion has enabled parts of the South to have of some of the lowest unemployment rates in the United States. Alabama is also home to a large-scale manufacturing project owned by the German steel megacorporation Thyssen-Krupp, which operates a massive, state-of-the-art facility in Mobile.

Education



Higher education

The Southeast is home to a number of prominent universities, with several large research universities of longstanding significance which exert influence beyond the region.

Research Triangle Park, in the Raleigh-Durham urban area of North Carolina, has emerged as a major hub of technology, governmental, and biotechnological research and development, as has the Virginia BioTechnology Research Park in Richmond. The Cummings Research Park in the Huntsville, Alabama area is the second largest research complex in the nation. It is one of the biggest areas of aerospace engineering and missile defense technology. Huntsville is also home to Redstone Arsenal, United States Army Missile Command, the U.S. Space and Rocket Center, NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center and many other key government, military, and aerospace agencies. The National High Magnetic Field Laboratory in Tallahassee, Florida is the largest laboratory in the world devoted to the study of magnetism. The University of South Carolina is currently constructing a research campus in downtown Columbia, and the University is the nation's only National Science Foundation-funded Industry/University Cooperative Research Center for Fuel Cells.

Largest cities



These are the largest cities in the Southeastern region of the United States by population, according to the United States Census Bureau:

  • ^ a:  Jacksonville, Louisville, and Nashville are consolidated city-counties. Therefore the population given is for the entire city excluding other incorporated places lying within the county limits.

Metropolitan Statistical Areas



These are the metropolitan areas of the Southeastern region which exceed 1 million in population according to the United States Census Bureau's 2013 estimates:

Combined Statistical Areas



Beyond Megalopolis by Virginia Tech's Metropolitan Institute, an attempt to update Jean Gottmann's work with current trends, defines two "megapolitan areas" contained within the Southeast, out of a total of ten such areas in the United States:

  • "Piedmont" extending from North Carolina to Alabama
  • "Peninsula" covering South Florida and Central Florida

Two others tie some areas on the margins of the Southeast to urban centers in other regions:

  • "Gulf Coast" extending as far east as the western tip of Florida
  • "Northeast" including much of eastern Virginia

These are the combined statistical areas of the Southeastern region which exceed 1 million in population according to the United States Census Bureau's 2013 estimates. Note that the metropolitan areas of Tampa and Richmond are not included in any CSA's so they are included in the table without constituent areas:

Geography



Fauna

There are about two million feral pigs in the Southeast. Around 500,000 are in Florida.

See also



  • Southeastern mixed forests â€" Southeastern habitat
  • Hammock (ecology) â€" Southeastern habitat
  • East Coast of the United States â€" the southern Eastern Seaboard portion.

References



External links



  • Flora Atlas of the Southeastern United States â€" by the North Carolina Botanical Garden & University of North Carolina Herbarium (NCU).
  • Sea Level Changes in the Southeastern United States. Past, Present, and Future â€" University of South Florida (August 2011)
  • Britannica Southeast U.S. - video on YouTube




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