Englewood, New Jersey





Englewood is a city located in Bergen County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the city had a total population of 27,147, reflecting an increase of 944 (+3.6%) from the 26,203 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 1,353 (+5.4%) from the 24,850 counted in the 1990 Census.

Englewood was incorporated as a city by an Act of the New Jersey Legislature on March 17, 1899, from portions of Ridgefield Township and the remaining portions of Englewood Township. With the creation of the City of Englewood, Englewood Township was dissolved. An earlier referendum on March 10, 1896, was declared unconstitutional.

History


Englewood, New Jersey

Origin of name

Englewood Township, the city's predecessor, is believed to have been named in 1859 for the Engle family. The community had been called the "English Neighborhood", as the first primarily English-speaking settlement on the New Jersey side of the Hudson River after New Netherland was annexed by England in 1664, though other sources mention the Engle family and the heavily forested areas of the community as the derivation of the name. Numerous other settlements in the United States were named for Englewood as settlement in North America expanded westward. J. Wyman Jones is credited with convincing residents to choose Englewood for the city's name when it was incorporated over such alternatives as "Brayton" and "Paliscena".

Pre-Colonial and Colonial

Englewood, like the rest of New Jersey, was populated by Lenape Native Americans prior to European colonization. The Lenape who lived in the Englewood region were of the "turtle clan" which used a stylized turtle as its symbol, but little else is known of those inhabitants.

When Henry Hudson sailed up what would become known as the Hudson River in 1607, he claimed the entirety of the watershed of the river, including Englewood, for the Netherlands, making the future region of Englewood a part of New Netherland. However, the region remained largely unsettled under Dutch rule as the Dutch did little to encourage settlement north of modern Hudson County, as the imposing New Jersey Palisades blocked expansion on the west bank of the Hudson.

In 1664, after the Dutch surrendered all of New Netherland to England, the rate of settlement picked up. The English were generous with land grants, and many families, not only English but also Dutch and Huguenot, settled the area, which during the colonial era was known as the English Neighborhood. Street names in Englewood still recall the relative diversity of its earliest settlers; Brinckerhoff, Van Brunt, Lydecker, Van Nostrand and Durie (Duryea), all Dutch; Demarest (de Marais), DeMott and Lozier (Le Sueur), French Huguenot; and Moore, Lawrence, Cole and Day, English.

Historical notes

From 1906 until March 16, 1907, when it burned down, Englewood was the site of Upton Sinclair's socialist-inflected intentional community, the Helicon Home Colony. Associated with the project were Charlotte Perkins Gilman and Sinclair Lewis.

The United States telephone industry introduced Direct distance dialing (DDD) in Englewood for the first time. On November 10, 1951, Englewood Mayor M. Leslie Denning made the first customer-dialed long distance call, to Mayor Frank Osborne of Alameda, California. As of that date, customers of the ENglewood 3, ENglewood 4 and TEaneck 7 exchanges, who could already dial some exchanges in the New York City area, were able to dial 11 cities across the United States by dialing the three-digit area code preceding the local number.

Vince Lombardi began his football coaching career at Englewood's St. Cecilia High School, two years after his graduation from Fordham University. The National Football League (NFL) championship trophy is named in his honor.

Geography


Englewood, New Jersey

Englewood is located at 40°53′28″N 73°58′21″W (40.891197,-73.972515). According to the United States Census Bureau, Englewood city had a total area of 4.937 square miles (12.786 km2), of which, 4.914 square miles (12.727 km2) of it was land and 0.023 square miles (0.060 km2) of it (0.47%) was water.

The city borders Bergenfield, Englewood Cliffs, Fort Lee, Leonia, Teaneck and Tenafly.

Demographics



2010 Census

At the 2010 United States Census, there were 27,147 people, 10,057 households, and 6,788 families residing in the city. The population density was 5,524.6 per square mile (2,133.1/km2). There were 10,695 housing units at an average density of 2,176.5 per square mile (840.4/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 45.28% (12,292) White, 32.58% (8,845) Black or African American, 0.54% (147) Native American, 8.10% (2,199) Asian, 0.04% (12) Pacific Islander, 9.73% (2,641) from other races, and 3.72% (1,011) from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 27.48% (7,460) of the population.

There were 10,057 households, of which 28.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.1% were married couples living together, 17.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.5% were non-families. 27.3% of all households were made up of individuals, and 9.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.68 and the average family size was 3.24.

In the city, 22.2% of the population were under the age of 18, 7.7% from 18 to 24, 28.9% from 25 to 44, 27.0% from 45 to 64, and 14.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38.9 years. For every 100 females there were 90.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.3 males.

The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $69,915 (with a margin of error of +/- $7,291) and the median family income was $87,361 (+/- $9,616). Males had a median income of $58,776 (+/- $7,972) versus $48,571 (+/- $3,984) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $41,533 (+/- $2,981). About 6.9% of families and 10.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.7% of those under age 18 and 15.8% of those age 65 or over.

Same-sex couples headed 73 households in 2010, an increase from the 63 counted in 2000.

2000 Census

As of the 2000 United States Census, there were 26,203 people, 9,273 households, and 6,481 families residing in the city. The population density was 5,322.0 people per square mile (2,056.3/km2). There were 9,614 housing units at an average density of 1,952.7 per square mile (754.5/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 42.49% White, 38.98% African American, 0.27% Native American, 5.21% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 8.50% from other races, and 4.50% from two or more races. 21.76% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

7.17% of Englewood residents identified themselves as being of Colombian American ancestry in the 2000 Census, the ninth-highest percentage of the population of any municipality in the United States.

There were 9,273 households out of which 31.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.9% were married couples living together, 17.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.1% were non-families. 24.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.79 and the average family size was 3.29.

In the city the population was spread out with 23.9% under the age of 18, 7.4% from 18 to 24, 30.5% from 25 to 44, 24.9% from 45 to 64, and 13.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 88.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 84.2 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $58,379, and the median income for a family was $67,194. Males had a median income of $41,909 versus $34,358 for females. The per capita income for the city was $35,275. 8.9% of the population and 6.6% of families were below the poverty line. 10.2% of those under the age of 18 and 8.6% of those 65 and older were living below the poverty line.

Government



Local government

Beginning in 1980, Englewood switched from a Mayor-Council form of government to a modified Council-Manager plan of government in accordance with a Special Charter granted by the New Jersey Legislature. Under this charter, the mayor retains appointive and veto powers, while the council acts as a legislative and policy making body, with some power to appoint and confirm appointments. The City Council consists of five members, each elected for a three-year term. Four are elected from the individual wards in which they live and the other is elected by a city-wide vote as an at-large member. The city is divided into four wards which are approximately equal in population. Administrative functions are responsibilities of the City Manager. The six seats in the governing body are elected in a three-year cycle as part of the November general election, with wards two and four both up together, followed a year later by wards one and three, and then the at-large council and mayoral seats. Each ward votes in two of the three years in the cycle, once for its ward seat, in the other year for the two positions voted at-large and one year with no election.

The mayor is elected city-wide to a three-year term of office and has significant powers in appointing members to the Planning Board, the Library Board of Trustees, and, with council confirmation, the Board of Adjustment. The mayor serves on the Planning Board. The mayor attends and may speak at council meetings, but voting is confined only to breaking a deadlock with an affirmative vote for passage of an ordinance or resolution. The mayor has veto power over any city ordinance, but can be overridden with votes from four council members. The City Council is the legislative branch of government, deciding public policy, creating city ordinances and resolutions, passing the city budget, appropriating funds for city services, and hiring the City Manager. The City Council meets generally four times per month (except during summer months).

As of 2015, the Mayor of Englewood is Democrat Frank Huttle, III, whose term of office ends December 31, 2015. Members of the City Council are Lynne Algrant (At-Large; D, 2015), Michael D. Cohen (Ward 2; D, 2016), Marc Forman (Ward 1; D, 2017), Wayne Hamer (Ward 4; D, 2016) and Eugene Skurnick (Ward 3; D, 2017).

Wayne Hamer was appointed by the City Council in September 2012 to fill the vacant seat of Jack Drakeford who had died the previous month, and won election in November 2012 to serve the balance of the term through year-end 2013.

Federal, state and county representation

Englewood is located in the 9th Congressional District and is part of New Jersey's 37th state legislative district.

New Jersey's Ninth Congressional District is represented by Bill Pascrell (D, Paterson). New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Cory Booker (D, Newark, term ends 2021) and Bob Menendez (D, Paramus, 2019).

The 37th Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Loretta Weinberg (D, Teaneck) and in the General Assembly by Valerie Huttle (D, Englewood) and Gordon M. Johnson (D, Englewood). The Governor of New Jersey is Chris Christie (R, Mendham Township). The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Kim Guadagno (R, Monmouth Beach).

Bergen County is governed by a directly elected County Executive, with legislative functions performed by a seven-member Board of Chosen Freeholders. As of 2015, the County Executive is James J. Tedesco III (D, Paramus; term ends December 31, 2018). The seven freeholders are elected at-large in partisan elections on a staggered basis, with two or three seats coming up for election each year, with a Chairman, Vice Chairman and Chairman Pro Tempore selected from among its members at a reorganization meeting held each January. Bergen County's Freeholders are Freeholder Chairwoman Joan Voss (D, 2017; Fort Lee), Vice Chairman Steve Tanelli (D, 2015; North Arlington) Chairman Pro Tempore John A. Felice (R, 2016; River Edge), David L. Ganz (D, 2017; Fair Lawn), Maura R. DeNicola (R, 2016; Franklin Lakes) Thomas J. Sullivan Jr., (D, Montvale, 2015; serving the unexpired term of office that had been occupied by James Tedesco before he was sworn in as County Executive) and Tracy Silna Zur (D, 2015; Franklin Lakes), with one vacant seat expiring in 2015 that had been occupied by James Tedesco before he was sworn in as County Executive. Countywide constitutional officials are County Clerk John S. Hogan (D, Northvale), Sheriff Michael Saudino (R) and Surrogate Michael R. Dressler (D, Cresskill).

Politics

As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 15,033 registered voters in Englewood, of which 8,571 (57.0% vs. 31.7% countywide) were registered as Democrats, 1,215 (8.1% vs. 21.1%) were registered as Republicans and 5,240 (34.9% vs. 47.1%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were 7 voters registered to other parties. Among the city's 2010 Census population, 55.4% (vs. 57.1% in Bergen County) were registered to vote, including 71.2% of those ages 18 and over (vs. 73.7% countywide).

In the 2012 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 8,855 votes (76.8% vs. 54.8% countywide), ahead of Republican Mitt Romney with 2,502 votes (21.7% vs. 43.5%) and other candidates with 71 votes (0.6% vs. 0.9%), among the 11,533 ballots cast by the city's 16,586 registered voters, for a turnout of 69.5% (vs. 70.4% in Bergen County). In the 2008 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 9,412 votes (77.0% vs. 53.9% countywide), ahead of Republican John McCain with 2,625 votes (21.5% vs. 44.5%) and other candidates with 58 votes (0.5% vs. 0.8%), among the 12,221 ballots cast by the city's 16,065 registered voters, for a turnout of 76.1% (vs. 76.8% in Bergen County). In the 2004 presidential election, Democrat John Kerry received 8,087 votes (73.6% vs. 51.7% countywide), ahead of Republican George W. Bush with 2,798 votes (25.5% vs. 47.2%) and other candidates with 65 votes (0.6% vs. 0.7%), among the 10,990 ballots cast by the city's 14,702 registered voters, for a turnout of 74.8% (vs. 76.9% in the whole county).

In the 2013 gubernatorial election, Democrat Barbara Buono received 62.5% of the vote (3,367 cast), ahead of Republican Chris Christie with 36.6% (1,972 votes), and other candidates with 0.9% (49 votes), among the 5,557 ballots cast by the city's 15,615 registered voters (169 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 35.6%. In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Democrat Jon Corzine received 5,304 ballots cast (73.8% vs. 48.0% countywide), ahead of Republican Chris Christie with 1,613 votes (22.5% vs. 45.8%), Independent Chris Daggett with 170 votes (2.4% vs. 4.7%) and other candidates with 20 votes (0.3% vs. 0.5%), among the 7,184 ballots cast by the city's 15,534 registered voters, yielding a 46.2% turnout (vs. 50.0% in the county).

Education



Public schools

The Englewood Public School District serves students in Kindergarten through twelfth grade. Students from Englewood Cliffs attend Dwight Morrow High School, as part of a sending/receiving relationship with the Englewood Cliffs Public Schools.

As of the 2011-12 school year, the district's five schools had an enrollment of 2,916 students and 278.5 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a studentâ€"teacher ratio of 10.47:1. Schools in the district (with 2011-12 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics) are D. A. Quarles Early Childhood Center (369 students; grades PreK-K), Grieco Elementary School (538; 1-3), McCloud School (567; 4-6), Janis E. Dismus Middle School (398; 7-8) and Dwight Morrow High School / Academies @ Englewood (9-12; 1,044).

Public school students from the city, and all of Bergen County, are eligible to attend the secondary education programs offered by the Bergen County Technical Schools, which include the Bergen County Academies in Hackensack, and the Bergen Tech campus in Teterboro or Paramus. The district offers programs on a shared-time or full-time basis, with admission based on a selective application process and tuition covered by the student's home school district.

As an alternative to regular public education, the city is home of the Englewood on the Palisades Charter School, which had an enrollment of 192 students in Kindergarten through fifth grade, as of the 2011-12 school year. Shalom Academy, a charter school with a focus on Hebrew language immersion, had planned to open for grades K-5 in September 2011, serving students from both Englewood and Teaneck, but as of March 2013 had still not received final approval from the New Jersey Department of Education.

Private schools

Englewood is the home to a number of private schools. Dwight-Englewood School has 900 students in preschool through twelfth grade, housed in three separate divisions. Founded in 1930, Elisabeth Morrow School serves 460 students in preschool through eighth grade. Moriah School of Englewood, one of the county's largest, is a Jewish day school with an enrollment that had been as high as 1,000 students in preschool through eighth grade. Yeshiva Ohr Simcha serves students in high school for grades 9-12 and offers a postgraduate yeshiva program.

In the face of a declining enrollment, St. Cecilia Interparochial School was closed by the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Newark at the end of the 2010-11 school year, with an expected student body of 85 students for K-8 in the following year constituting less than half of the number of students needed to keep the school financially viable. St. Cecilia High School had been closed in 1986.

Transportation



Roads and highways

As of May 2010, the city had a total of 75.06 miles (120.80 km) of roadways, of which 64.30 miles (103.48 km) were maintained by the municipality, 8.39 miles (13.50 km) by Bergen County, 1.94 miles (3.12 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation, and 0.43 miles (0.69 km) by the New Jersey Turnpike Authority.

Route 4, Route 93, Interstate 95 (the New Jersey Turnpike), County Route 501, and County Route 505 also serve Englewood. The northern terminus of Route 93 is at the intersection with Route 4, but the road continues north as CR 501.

The New Jersey Turnpike travels through Englewood for 0.43 miles (0.69 km) near the city's southern border with Leonia, as Interstate 95 arches north from its intersection with Interstate 80 in Teaneck and heads toward the George Washington Bridge.

Public transportation

New Jersey Transit bus lines serving Englewood include the 166 providing service to and from the Port Authority Bus Terminal in Midtown Manhattan; the 171, 175, 178 and 186 routes to the George Washington Bridge Bus Station; and the 756 and 780 offering local service. Rockland Coaches provides scheduled service the Port Authority Bus Terminal. Saddle River Tours / Ameribus provides service to the George Washington Bridge Bus Station on route 11C.

A proposed extension of the Hudsonâ€"Bergen Light Rail along the Northern Branch would include stations at Englewood Hospital and Medical Center, Town Center and Route 4. In 2013, NJ Transit announced that the line would end in Englewood, after Tenafly officials estimated that as much in $8 million in commercial property would be lost and residents raised strong objections. As of 2014, Englewood Mayor Frank Huttle III has worked together with Jersey City Mayor Steven Fulop to advocate on behalf of the project and obtain the needed state and federal funding needed to proceed with the plan, with Huttle emphasizing the economic benefits fromthe project and that the city wanted to host the terminus, which would include a parking garage near Englewood Hospital and additional parking near Palisade Avenue in the commercial center of the city.

Notable people



Points of interest



  • MacKay Park, located on North Van Brunt Street. It has an ice hockey rink, a pool, a walking path, and athletic fields.
  • Englewood Field Club â€" a sports club that features tennis courts, a pool, and an outdoor hockey rink.
  • Englewood Golf Club â€" a former golf club that was located between Englewood and Leonia. It hosted the 1909 U.S. Open tournament.

References



Further reading



  • Municipal Incorporations of the State of New Jersey (according to Counties) prepared by the Division of Local Government, Department of the Treasury (New Jersey); December 1, 1958.
  • Clayton, W. Woodford; with Nelson, William. History of Bergen and Passaic Counties, New Jersey, with Biographical Sketches of Many of its Pioneers and Prominent Men. Philadelphia: Everts and Peck, 1882.
  • Harvey, Cornelius Burnham (ed.), Genealogical History of Hudson and Bergen Counties, New Jersey. New York: New Jersey Genealogical Publishing Co., 1900.
  • Van Valen, James M. History of Bergen County, New Jersey. New York: New Jersey Publishing and Engraving Co., 1900.
  • Westervelt, Frances A. (Frances Augusta), 1858-1942, History of Bergen County, New Jersey, 1630-1923, Lewis Historical Publishing Company, 1923.

External links



  • Englewood official website
  • Englewood Public School District
  • Englewood Public School District's 2012â€"13 School Report Card from the New Jersey Department of Education
  • School Data for the Englewood Public School District, National Center for Education Statistics
  • History of Englewood school desegregation at the Wayback Machine (archived October 26, 2009)
  • Englewood Volunteer Ambulance Corps Inc.
  • Dwight-Englewood School
  • The Englewood Report
  • Historical Population Trends in Bergen County 1990 - 2000


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