Atlantic County, New Jersey





Atlantic County is a county located in the U.S. state of New Jersey. As of the 2010 United States Census, the county had a population of 274,549, having increased by 21,997 from the 252,552 counted at the 2000 Census (+8.7%, tied for third-fastest in the state), retaining its position as the 15th-most populous county in the state. Its county seat is Mays Landing. The most populous place was Egg Harbor Township, with 43,323 residents at the time of the 2010 Census, while Galloway Township, covered 115.21 square miles (298.4 km2), the largest total area of any municipality, though Hamilton Township has the largest land area, covering 111.13 square miles (287.8 km2).

This county forms the Atlantic Cityâ€"Hammonton Metropolitan Statistical Area, which is also part of the Delaware Valley Combined Statistical Area.

History



All of what is known today as Atlantic County was once called Egg Harbor Township, the eastern half of the original County of Gloucester. Named as an official district as early as 1693, it was bounded on the north by the Little Egg Harbor River (now known as the Mullica River), and on the south by the Great Egg Harbor River and its southern branch the Tuckahoe River. Its eastern boundary was the Atlantic Ocean, but the western boundary in the South Jersey interior was not fixed until 1761. The county was formally created from portions of Gloucester County as of February 7, 1837, and consisted of the townships of Egg Harbor, Galloway, Hamilton and Weymouth.

Geography


Atlantic County, New Jersey

According to the 2010 Census, the county had a total area of 671.83 square miles (1,740.0 km2), of which 555.70 square miles (1,439.3 km2) of it (82.7%) was land and 116.12 square miles (300.7 km2) of it (17.3%) was water.

Atlantic County is located in the Atlantic Coastal Plain in the southeastern tip of New Jersey.

Topographically, much of Atlantic County is low-lying and flat. The highest elevation, approximately 150 feet (46 m) above sea level, is found at two areas next to the New Jersey Transit passenger rail line just east of Hammonton. Sea level is the lowest point.

Adjacent counties

  • Burlington County, New Jersey â€" north
  • Camden County, New Jersey â€" northwest
  • Cape May County, New Jersey â€" south
  • Cumberland County, New Jersey â€" southwest
  • Gloucester County, New Jersey â€" northwest
  • Ocean County, New Jersey â€" northeast

National protected areas

  • Edwin B. Forsythe National Wildlife Refuge (part)
  • Great Egg Harbor Scenic and Recreational River (part)

Demographics



Census 2010

At the 2010 United States Census, there were 274,549 people, 102,847 households, and 68,702 families residing in the county. The population density was 494.1 per square mile (190.8/km2). There were 126,647 housing units at an average density of 227.9 per square mile (88.0/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 65.40% (179,566) White, 16.08% (44,138) Black or African American, 0.38% (1,050) Native American, 7.50% (20,595) Asian, 0.03% (92) Pacific Islander, 7.36% (20,218) from other races, and 3.24% (8,890) from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 16.84% (46,241) of the population.

There were 102,847 households, of which 29.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.6% were married couples living together, 15.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.2% were non-families. 26.9% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.61 and the average family size was 3.17.

In the county, 23.3% of the population were under the age of 18, 9.3% from 18 to 24, 24.6% from 25 to 44, 28.7% from 45 to 64, and 14.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39.9 years. For every 100 females there were 94.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91 males.

Census 2000

As of the 2000 United States Census there were 252,552 people, 95,024 households, and 63,190 families residing in the county. The population density was 450 people per square mile (174/km²). There were 114,090 housing units at an average density of 203 per square mile (79/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 68.36% White, 17.63% Black or African American, 0.26% Native American, 5.06% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 6.06% from other races, and 2.58% from two or more races. 12.17% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. Among those residents listing their ancestry, 18.3% were of Italian, 17.3% Irish, 13.8% German and 7.7% English ancestry according to Census 2000.

There were 95,024 households out of which 31.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.50% were married couples living together, 14.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.50% were non-families. 27.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.59 and the average family size was 3.16.

In the county the population was spread out with 25.30% under the age of 18, 8.10% from 18 to 24, 30.60% from 25 to 44, 22.40% from 45 to 64, and 13.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 93.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.20 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $43,933, and the median income for a family was $51,710. Males had a median income of $36,397 versus $28,059 for females. The per capita income for the county was $21,034. About 7.6% of families and 10.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.8% of those under age 18 and 10.50% of those age 65 or over.

Government and politics



In 1974, Atlantic County voters changed the county governmental form under the Optional County Charter Law to the County executive form. The charter provides for a directly elected executive and a nine-member Board of Chosen Freeholders, responsible for legislation. The executive is elected to a four-year term and the freeholders are elected to staggered three-year terms, of which four are elected from the county on an at-large basis and five of the freeholders represent equally populated districts.

As of 2014, Atlantic County's Executive is Republican Dennis Levinson, whose term of office ends December 31, 2015. Members of the Board of Chosen Freeholders are:

  • Chairman Frank D. Formica, Freeholder District 2, including Atlantic City (part), Egg Harbor Township (part), Linwood, Longport, Margate, Northfield, Somers Point and Ventnor. (R, 2015)
  • Vice Chairman James A. Bertino, Freeholder District 5, including Buena Borough, Buena Vista Township, Corbin City, Egg Harbor City, Estell Manor, Folsom, Hamilton Township (part), Hammonton, Mullica Township and Weymouth. (R, 2015)
  • Colin G. Bell, Freeholder At-Large (D, 2015)
  • John W. Risley, Freeholder At-Large (R, 2017)
  • Ernest D. Coursey, Freeholder District 1, including Atlantic City (part), Egg Harbor Township (part) and Pleasantville (R, 2016)
  • Richard Dase, Freeholder District 4, including Absecon, Brigantine, Galloway Township and Port Republic. (R, 2016)
  • Alexander C. Marino, Freeholder At-Large (R, 2017)
  • Will Pauls, Freeholder At-Large (R, 2016)
  • John L. Carman, Freeholder District 3, including Egg Harbor Township (part) and Hamilton Township (part) (R, 2017)

Constitutional officers are County Clerk Edward P. McGettigan (2016), Sheriff Frank X. Balles (2017) and Surrogate James Curcio (2015).

The 2nd Congressional District covers all of Atlantic County. New Jersey's Second Congressional District is represented by Frank LoBiondo (R, Ventnor City).

The county is part of the 1st, 2nd, 8th and 9th Districts in the New Jersey Legislature. The 1st Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Jeff Van Drew (D, Dennis Township) and in the General Assembly by Bob Andrzejczak (D, Middle Township) and Sam Fiocchi (R, Vineland). The 2nd Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Jim Whelan (D, Atlantic City) and in the General Assembly by Chris A. Brown (R, Ventnor City) and John F. Amodeo (D, Northfield). For the 2004-15 Session, the 8th District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Dawn Marie Addiego (R, Evesham Township) and in the General Assembly by Christopher J. Brown (R, Evesham Township) and Maria Rodriguez-Gregg (R, Evesham Township). For the 2014-15 Session, the 9th District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Christopher J. Connors (R, Lacey Township) and in the General Assembly by DiAnne Gove (R, Long Beach Township) and Brian E. Rumpf (R, Little Egg Harbor Township).

Politics

In state and national elections, Atlantic County is a reliably Democratic county, in contrast to the other three counties on the Jersey Shore, Monmouth, Ocean, and Cape May Counties, which tend to lean heavily Republican.

As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 161,355 registered voters in Atlantic, of which 49,193 (30.5%) were registered as Democrats, 40,611 (25.2%) were registered as Republicans and 71,481 (44.3%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were 70 voters registered to other parties. Among the county's 2010 Census population, 58.8% were registered to vote, including 76.6% of those ages 18 and over.

In the 2012 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 65,600 votes in the county (57.9%), ahead of Republican Mitt Romney with 46,522 votes (41.1%) and other candidates with 1,057 votes (0.9%), among the 113,231 ballots cast by the county's 172,204 registered voters, for a turnout of 65.8%. In the 2008 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 67,830 votes in Atlantic County (56.5%), ahead of Republican John McCain with 49,902 votes (41.6%) and other candidates with 1,310 votes (1.1%), among the 120,074 ballots cast by the county's 176,316 registered voters, for a turnout of 68.1%. In the 2004 presidential election, Democrat John Kerry received 55,746 votes (52.0%), ahead of Republican George W. Bush with 49,487 votes (46.2%%) and other candidates with 864 votes (0.8%), among the 107,187 ballots cast by the county's 153,496 registered voters, for a turnout of 69.8%.

In the 2013 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 43,975 votes in the county (60.0%), ahead of Democrat Barbara Buono with 25,557 votes (34.9%) and other candidates with 947 votes (1.3%), among the 73,258 ballots cast by the county's 176,696 registered voters, yielding a 41.5% turnout. In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 35,724 votes (47.7%), ahead of Democrat Jon Corzine with 33,360 votes (44.5%), Independent Chris Daggett with 3,611 votes (4.8%) and other candidates with 913 votes (1.2%), among the 74,915 ballots cast by the county's 166,958 registered voters, yielding a 44.9% turnout.

Municipalities



Municipalities in Atlantic County (with most 2010 Census data for population, housing units and area) are:

Education



Institutions of higher education in Atlantic County include:

  • Atlantic Cape Community College in Mays Landing serves students from both Atlantic County and Cape May County, having been created in 1964 as the state's second county college. Rutgers University offers an off-site program at Atlantic Cape Community College that allows students with an associate degree from an accredited college to earn a bachelor's degree from Rutgers.
  • Stockton University, in Pomona, was established to provide a four-year college serving the South Jersey area.

Transportation



Roads and highways

As of 2010, the county had a total of 1,930.77 miles (3,107.27 km) of roadways, of which 1,357.05 miles (2,183.96 km) were maintained by the local municipality, 372.63 miles (599.69 km) by Atlantic County and 143.50 miles (230.94 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation and 57.59 miles (92.68 km) by either the New Jersey Turnpike Authority or South Jersey Transportation Authority.

Major roadways include the Garden State Parkway (with 21.5 miles (34.6 km) of roadway in the county), the Atlantic City Expressway (29.6 miles (47.6 km)), U.S. Route 9, U.S. Route 30, U.S. Route 40, U.S. Route 206 and U.S. Route 322, as well as Route 49, Route 50, Route 52, Route 54, Route 87 and Route 152.

Public transportation

New Jersey Transit's Atlantic City Line connects the Atlantic City Rail Terminal in Atlantic City with the 30th Street Station in Philadelphia, with service at intermediate stations at Hammonton, Egg Harbor City and Absecon in the county.

Climate and weather



In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Mays Landing have ranged from a low of 24 °F (âˆ'4 °C) in January to a high of 86 °F (30 °C) in July, although a record low of âˆ'11 °F (âˆ'24 °C) was recorded in February 1979 and a record high of 106 °F (41 °C) was recorded in June 1969. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 2.99 inches (76 mm) in February to 4.21 inches (107 mm) in March.

Wineries



  • Balic Winery (Mays Landing)
  • Bellview Winery (Landisville)
  • DiMatteo Vineyards (Hammonton)
  • Plagido's Winery (Hammonton)
  • Renault Winery (Egg Harbor City)
  • Sylvin Farms Winery (Egg Harbor City)
  • Tomasello Winery (Hammonton)

See also



  • National Register of Historic Places listings in Atlantic County, New Jersey

References



External links



  • Atlantic County website
  • History of Atlantic County, New Jersey



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